ELEVAGE DORSET Le Bosquet, Pont Farcy, Normandy, France.
DORSET HORN and DORSET DOWN Sheep
Le Bosquet, Pont-Farcy
Ornithological Studies at Le Bosquet
Le Bosquet Farm Diary [Restricted access]
'Pascal' French Dorset Down Pedigree
'Rambo' English Dorset Down Pedigree
English Dorset Horn Pedigree
ELEVAGE DORSET is a small specialist farm in Normandy dedicated to breeding and improving excellent Dorset Horn and Dorset Down sheep.
Although these two breeds share common ancestors (notably the Southdown breed) they have remarkable and quite separate naturally occurring characteristics which have long been successfully exploited by breeders in Britain, New Zealand, Australia and North America. 'Downs' and 'Horns' have contributed to making these countries pre-eminent producers of lamb and wool.
Dorset Downs were introduced to France in 1967 and are officially recognised by UPRA (042). We introduced Dorset Horns to France in 2004 and make both available to breeders in Europe.
Picture: Left: Dorset Horn ewe FR 14513091 0013 'Thirteen' bred by Fooks Bros of Poorton, Dorset, England. Right: Dorset Horn ram FR14513091 0020 'Matthew' born at Le Bosquet, Pont-Farcy, France in 2004 and in service thereafter.
Dorset Horns and Dorset Downs are products of the golden age of early C19th sheep improvement in England's 'West Country'. As a result:
- Dorset Horns have the unique ability to produce lambs at any time of year and up to twice a year and make ideal terminal sires in almost any flock.
- Dorset Down lambs, fattened for the butcher, are renowned for the quantity and exceptional quality of their tender and delicately flavoured meat.
In June 2006 Elevage Dorset imported an excellent new Dorset Down ram from England, believed to be the first new blood introduced into the French national flock since 1967.
This ram (UK 345198 Holloway 22-05), bred by Richard Holloway of Somerset, combines excellent conformation with classic breed characteristics and complies fully with European and French health requirements (PrP Genotyped ARR/ARR).
Our pedigree ewes and rams are used to establish or enrich other pedigree flocks.
Dorset Down rams are used as 'terminal sires' in flocks dedicated to producing high quality meat from cross-bred lambs.
Dorset Horn rams are terminal sires in flocks using natural 'frequent lambing' to achieve year-round production of top quality fattened lambs.
All our sheep comply with European breeding and health standards (e.g. genotyped for Scrapie resistance, registered Brucellosis free, MV/CAE accredited, etc). Each is ear-tagged and supplied with a detailed pedigree and health certification.
Picture: Dorset Down ram FR14513091 0029 'Pascal', bred by Chenu of Le Grand Chausseroy, Cher, France. Bought by Elevage Dorset in 2004. Sire at Le Bosquet in 2004, 2005 and 2006.
In May 2006 Elevage Doset agreed to lend two young Dorset Horn rams to the 'Conservatoire Fédératif des Espaces Naturels de Basse-Normandie'.
The CFEN specialises in the conservation of numerous large areas of natural landscape so that their flora and fauna can be monitored and studied. The introduction of rustic grazing species such as Highland cattle, rare breeds of goats and now Dorset Horn sheep plays an important role in encouraging certain species of wild plants and flowers notably wild orchids. Our Dorset Horn rams may be seen on chalk downs at Coteau du Mont Chauvel, St Germain-de-Clairefeuille, Orne.
The ewes in this picture are those originally bought by Elevage Dorset from Fooks Bros of Poorton, Dorset, England in 2004.
The DORSET HORN is a medium/large English sheep uniquely capable of producing lambs at any time of the year. This means that it can breed twice a year though a more sustainable rate of lambing is three times every two years.
The Dorset Horn originated from crossing Spanish sheep with native English stock during the C16th. By the C18th and C19th these sheep were known as the Portland breed. However, they were 'improved' by being crossed with Southdown sheep in order to produce today's Dorset Horn.
It is one of the earliest recorded breeds of British sheep its first Flock Book being established in 1892 and Queen Victoria being the first patroness of the breed's association.
The same association still represents Dorset Horn and Poll Dorset breeders and maintains a Sire Reference Scheme.
Both rams and ewes of this breed have horns those of the male being much more impressive. However, owing to a freak mutation in the Australian flock, a 'polled' version emerged and was exploited in the 1950s by the Dorset breeder 'Bunny' Lenthall. This identical but hornless 'Polled Dorset' is frequently found in larger-scale flocks.
At Le Bosquet, we prefer to breed only from the original horned variety.
- Ewes can lamb twice a year though more sustainably three times in two years.
- Lambs mature early, giving higher lifetime productivity and reduced cost.
- Natural high lambing rates can produce yields of around 170%., but with a 'frequent lambing' programme, averages of 250% are possible.
- The ewes being excellent milkers, fast natural weight gain means that prime lambs can be fit for the butcher at around 10 weeks.
- Top prices are available for pure or cross-bred lambs sired by Dorset Horn rams owing to the value of the high lean-meat content of the carcass.
- Rams can sire prime quality lambs from any breed of ewe and can also impart their year-round breeding characteristics to the first generation of their female progeny.
- They adapt to a wide range of altitude, temperature and climate and survive well on thin downland grass, seldom needing supplements to a grass/hay diet.
- They are exceptionally easy to manage, responding very tamely to calm affectionate treatment (we always lead them and never need to drive them).
- Their shorter gestation period means that more ewes can be run to the hectare.
- Year-round 'frequent lambing' means that large flocks need fewer rams.
- Their long reproductive life reduces the need for frequent flock replacements.
- Dorset Horms are well suited to organic farming. They provide a year-round lamb supply, a self-renewing flock and thus reduce the need for expensive health check costs.
- Detailed information on this breed is available to members of the
Dorset Horn & Poll Dorset Sheep Breeders' Association,
Dorset DT1 1EF,
Tel: +44 130 526 2126
or at the Dorset Horn & Poll web site.
This prize-winning Dorset Down ram, bred by Pascal Chenu of Le Grand Chausseroy, Cher, France, was the foundation of the breeding lines at Elevage Dorset during 2004, 2005 and 2006. A new Dorset Down ram imported from England by Elevage Dorset in summer 2006 is thought to be the first introduction of new blood to the French flock since 1967.
The DORSET DOWN is a solid, medium-sized English sheep which produces abundant, excellent quality meat and one of the finest grades of wool.
It has its orign in the work of Mr Homer Saunders of Watercombe, near Dorchester, who in 1820 began selectively to improve Down Sheep at Bovington, Dorset thus producing the 'Watercombe' breed.
Simultaneously a Mr Humfrey of Chaddleworth, near Newbury, selected some of the best Berkshire, Hampshire and Wiltshire ewes and crossed them with pure Southdown rams from the celebrated flock of Mr Jonas Webb.
After many years of careful breeding Humfrey produced a class of sheep similar to that of Homer Saunders and known as the 'West Country Down'.
The sheep bred by Saunders and Humfrey were introduced into the Down flocks of Dorset to produce the 'Dorset Down' breed of today.
The breed association was formed in 1906 and in 2004 represented about 50 flocks comprising of about 2,500 pedigree registered sheep in the United Kingdom.
Our Dorset Downs are descendants of the first to be introduced from England into France by Pierre Chenu and Albert Charron in 1967.
Along with others, these two French breeders saw the Dorset Down as more developed than the Southdown which had become common in France. They therefore persuaded the French Ministry of Agriculture to recognise the Dorset Down officially in 1974.
Dorset Downs were soon winners of several awards at the Paris Salon d'Agriculture and their descendants now form the basis of our Elevage Dorset flock at Le Bosquet though we will be regularly improving our stock from prime English blood-lines.
- The Dorset Down is an ideal terminal sire, producing solid, meaty, early maturing lambs.
- It thrives in almost all conditions: at 3,000 metres in the French Alps, here in the lush hills of Normandy and in large numbers on the dry plains of central France.
- Its wool is generally classified as one of the highest grades.
- Ewes take a ram in most months of the year, making the breed ideal for the Christmas or early Spring market.
- Carcass conformation is good with a fine bone and shoulder, being well fleshed with tender, delicately flavoured meat. It produces meaty 'gigots' and thick lean chops.
- It is exceptionally easy to manage, responding very tamely to calm affectionate treatment (we always lead them and never need to drive them).
- Dorset Downs thrive on poor grass and conditions that most other breeds will not tolerate. They seldom need supplements to a grass/hay diet.
- Detailed information on this breed is available to members of The Dorset Down Sheep Breeders Association
Combe View Farm,
Devon EX12 3BT,
[Tel: +44 129 768 0218]
- In recent years Dorset Downs have been much used commercially in Italy.
- The breed is officially recognised by the French Ministry of Agriculture and is represented by:
Maison Nationale des Eleveurs,
149 Rue de Bercy,
Tel: +33 1 4004 4957
- UPRA describes the Dorset Down as "... a large sheep of excellent conformation, used throughout Central France for cross-breeding in order to achieve precocious, well-conformed, lean-meat lambs which can achieve 16-18 kg of carcass in 90-110 days... In competitions the rams have repeatedly demonstrated their qualities in producing excellent carcasses and their value as terminal sires..." Additionally UPRA statistics show: "... an average productivity is 152%; 10-30 days-old male twins gaining a daily average of 255 grammes; rams weighing an average of 110 kg, ewes weighing an average of 70 kg; 30-70 days-old single males gaining an average 295 grams...". In 2004 the Dorset Down population in France was estimated at 2,400 although only about 300 were registered in the UPRA pedigree records.
Above: Dorset Horn '14513091 DH 0034' Angèle, painted by Jo Miller at Le Bosquet in August 2006.
Among our clients have been: Jean-Michel Pasquier of the Somme (2005); Colin King & Julie Hollis of St Vigor-des-Monts, Manche (2005); Rolf & Arlette Röttges of Saint-Martin-des-Besaces (2006), Calvados; Sean & Sarah Melanaphy near Torigny, Calvados (2006); Alex & John Key of St Siméon, Orne (2007); Stéphane & Valerie Bernard of Pont-Farcy, Calvados (2008); Bernard Barbier of Ste-Marie-Outre-L'Eau, Calvados (2008); Général Tanneguy Le Pichon, near Bayeux, Calvados (2007/2008); Drs Frédéric & Isabelle Chapon of Morigny, Manche (2008); and Ross Kemsley and Helen Clift near Pontivy in Brittany (2009).
Le Bosquet, Pont-Farcy
Ornithological Studies at Le Bosquet
Elevage Dorset, Le Bosquet, 14380 Pont Farcy, Normandy, France. Tel: +33 2 31 09 24 66.
FLOCK No. (Cheptel) : FR 14 -513-091. SIRET : 448-316-208-00017. PACAGE : 014026266.